You need to know these stages

What is epilepsy?

Nerve cells in the brain control the movements and behaviors of both people and our friendly companions who breathe. Such neurons receive and transmit electrical signals. Disorders in the transmission of the electrical signal can lead to undesirable physical reactions. If groups of neurons discharge suddenly and synchronously, so-called epileptic seizures occur.

Epilepsy can be genetic. Then there is no identifiable cause of the seizures. Brain diseases, such as tumors or meningitis, can also trigger epilepsy in dogs. Another possible cause of epileptic seizures may be metabolic. If calcium levels are disturbed or blood salt levels are not normal, electrical signals can sometimes not be transmitted properly.

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Symptoms of epilepsy in dogs

In epilepsy, electrical signals in the brain are triggered randomly. Massive signal discharges occur. Depending on the areas of the brain in which the shocks take place, the symptoms may vary in severity. Veterinarians distinguish between focal epilepsy and generalized epilepsy. In the focal variant, only small areas of the brain are affected. Depending on where the false signals are transmitted, “mini-seizures” can take place in very different ways, e.g.

  • muscle twitches
  • stiffening of individual muscles
  • sudden barking for no reason
  • unprovoked crackling

Generalized seizures affect both hemispheres of the brain. Short circuits in the brain cause severe seizures and stiff muscles throughout the body. Also typical are:

  • stiff legs
  • unconsciousness
  • urination and defecation
  • convulsions

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You should pay attention to these phases

  • At the beginning of the attack (phase 1): Before the seizure itself occurs, the animals notice that something is wrong. An epileptic seizure often reports itself behavior changes on. Your dog may already be at a stage that has led to a real seizure restless be. Some lovers of dogs with affected animals also notice the common ones licking lips, Urinate or spit with his hairy companions before a seizure breaks out. However, behavioral changes can also occur, such as a strong need for protection, with animals barely leaving their owner’s side. However, some dogs look for them before the attack loneliness and retreat to quiet corners. Watch your dog’s behavior closely if you suspect that your friendly furry friend has epilepsy. Such changes in behavior can be valuable indicators for your veterinarian in the subsequent diagnosis.
  • During the attack (phase 2): Seizures usually come suddenly. During a massive burst of energy in the brain the muscles stiffen animal. Epileptic dogs roll over on the attack with stiff, outstretched legs. They lose consciousness and do not respond to orders. Severe seizures can also lead to emptying of the bladder and intestines. Many dogs winseln subconsciously and abundantly salivate. Seizures usually do not last too long. After a few minutes, the seizures are often over.
  • After the attack (phase 3): The seizures are huge exhaustive. Massive and long-lasting muscle contractions and cramps require an enormous amount of strength from dogs. Most animals are adequately tired and exhausted after attacks. Depending on how severe the attack was, how long it lasted, and the overall constitution of your dog, the consequences may go away quickly or take hours. The long consequences are characterized by blurred vision, urge to move, unsteady walking or severe hunger and thirst.

therapy options

Veterinarians must first find out what causes epilepsy. If tumors are the cause of the seizures, surgery or radiation therapy may help. Inflammation of the brain, such as meningitis, can be treated with medication. Epileptic seizures usually subside after the disease is cured.

If the epilepsy is congenital, medications can be used to reduce the frequency of seizures and reduce the intensity of the seizures. Despite epilepsy and regular tablet administration, many dogs can lead a quality life.

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