What are the symptoms and how can you prevent them

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Important for a balanced diet: 10 foods you should eat every day

In addition to its important function in hematopoiesis, vitamin B12 also protects our nerve cells. Vitamin B12 is involved in the formation of the nerve sheath, the so-called myelin sheath. It forms a kind of insulating layer around the nerve fibers and thus guarantees fast transmission of sensory perceptions and stimuli.

Suffers from the body and Vitamin B12 deficiency, this myelin layer can no longer be sufficiently preserved and is gradually destroyed. As a result, nerve transmission function is impaired and slowed down. But there is also a lack of a protective layer around the nerve fibers, which causes further damage.

Nerve damage can occur

Nerve damage manifests itself as follows:

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  • Armor in the hands and feet
  • Numbness or pain in the limbs to paralysis
  • muscle weakness
  • Coordination problems and unsteady walking
  • sensory disorders
  • reflex disorders
  • visual disorders

Here, deficiency could lead to chronic damage to the nervous system. Some people with vitamin B12 deficiency complain of depression and other mental health problems.

These foods contain a vitamin

First, the cause and Vitamin B12 deficiency attributed to reduced income. Vitamins are essential fabrics. Therefore, the body cannot make them itself, but they must be supplied regularly with food. The main suppliers for this are animal products such as eggs and milk. Seafood, salmon and meat, so vegetarians and especially vegans must be careful to absorb this vitamin differently.

According to the German Society for Nutrition (DGE), the daily requirement of vitamin B12 is four micrograms for young people from 13 years of age and adults. For comparison: 100 grams of mountain cheese contains about 0.81 micrograms of vitamin B12. Meat and fish have a particularly high vitamin content. They’re probably in salmon between two and three micrograms of vitamin B12 per 100 grams contain. In order for the body to be able to absorb vitamin B12 from food at all, a special protein is needed. It is a so-called internal factor that forms in the stomach. For the chronic Stomach and intestinal diseases or after surgical procedures This mechanism can be disrupted and symptoms of deficiency can occur.

IN pregnancy or s increasing age the need for vitamin B12 increases. This and also long Taking diabetes medication allong-term, morbid drinking of alcohol it can also cause vitamin B12 deficiency. Take special care with long-term medicines with increased stomach acid production. Vegans are also particularly at risk: with a vegan diet, you completely avoid animal food. This also applies to the supply of vitamin B12. According to the DGE, it is not possible to meet the demand for plant foods.

Avoid vitamin B12 deficiency – this is how it works

As soon as the first signs of nerve damage appear, Vitamin B12 deficiency usually still reversible, ie repairable. However, after months or years, the damage may be irreversible. Therefore, at the first signs of nerve damage, see a doctor who can give you a vitamin B12 test, for example.

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Talk to your doctor about how to prevent nerve damage by getting enough vitamin B12. They will explain if and what B12 supplements you should take. Dietary supplements should never be consumed only on suspicion. Instead, the dosage should be specified with the physician in advance and accompanied therapeutically.

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