Psoriasis: The most important thing at first glance
- Psoriasis, also known as psoriasis, is a non-communicable, inflammatory disease.
- It is typically manifested by reddish, scaly skin lesions that can be very itchy.
- Psoriasis is not yet treatable.
- Symptoms can be alleviated by various treatments.
What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis with the scientific name “psoriasis” is an inherited, non-infectious chronic skin disease. It typically comes in triggers triggered by triggers. When there is a sharp increase, the process of skin renewal speeds up: instead of recovering within 28 days as healthy skin, this process is shortened to just 4 to 5 days. New skin cells form too quickly and dead skin cells cannot get rid of so quickly and lie on the skin. The spots can be scattered all over the body or cover large parts of the body. Psoriasis occurs regardless of age, but often first appears in the second phase of life. According to these age stages, the 1st and 2nd type are distinguished.
- Psoriasis type 1 appears for the first time before the age of 40, often between the ages of 15 and 25. The cause of type 1 psoriasis is mostly a genetic predisposition, the course is relatively difficult and has a tendency to many recurrences. About 75 percent of those affected have type 1.
- Psoriasis type 2 appears for the first time after the age of 40, usually between the ages of 50 and 60. The form is not hereditary and is rather stable, without a great tendency to relapse. It affects about 25 percent of those affected.
Psoriasis: Different types of psoriasis
There are different types of psoriasis, which is the most common form Psoriasis vulgariswhich affects about 80 percent of cases. Sometimes psoriasis occurs in the folds of the skin, this form is called inverse psoriasis determined. Skin changes in the groin or buttock, armpit, genital area or in women under or between the breasts. The skin shows no scales, but is rather moist. in Psoriasis pustulosa Pus-filled blisters also form on the skin, but they are not contagious. in Psoriasis-arthritis they arise as a result of psoriasis on the skin, other chronic inflammations of the joints, tendons and spine. This is especially true for children and adolescents Psoriasis guttata acute extensive skin rash is occupied by spot papules. It usually occurs as a result of a streptococcal infection and can be completely cured after a few weeks or months.
Psoriasis: These are the causes of the disease
The triggering causes of psoriasis have not yet been convincingly investigated. It is certain that the predisposition to the development of psoriasis is already contained in the genome, but the corresponding expression is not inherited. Not everyone who carries the disease will actually get sick. On the other hand, it is also possible that parents are not affected by psoriasis, but that it occurs in a normal child. However, the disease does not break out until trigger mechanisms come into play, in addition to genetic predisposition. Triggers derail the immune system and lead to typical inflammation on the skin.
Typical triggers of psoriasis
- infection such as measles, colds, HIV infection or chronic inflammation
- mental stress through family, social or professional stress
- hormonal changes such as puberty, pregnancy or menopause
- skin injury such as cuts, burns, sunburn, excessive scratching
- certain drugsfor example beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, lithium salts, drugs for malaria or rheumatism
- excessive alcohol and smoking
Psoriasis: these are the symptoms
Sharply demarcated, reddish and slightly raised patches on the skin are typical of common psoriasis psoriasis vulgaris. They are covered with a plaque, a shiny, silvery white layer of cuticle, which easily peels off the skin. Plaques often occur symmetrically on both sides of the body, preferably on the elbows, knees, hands and feet. Psoriasis of the scalp or face is also common. Plaques vary in size, ranging from 1 to more than 10 inches in diameter. Sometimes the affected areas of the skin itch severely and they are also irritated and injured by scratches.
Psoriasis: This is how the diagnosis is made
Mild psoriasis can be mistaken for a fungal infection or psoriasis, but these conditions can be ruled out by a blood test or tissue sample. Psoriasis can be clearly identified by the so-called “bloody dew”, which is a bleeding bleeding that occurs when your doctor loosens the scales and the thin membrane beneath them. The test also assesses the severity of psoriasis according to how much the skin is affected. Less than 5 percent of the skin is affected in mild psoriasis, 5 to 10 percent in moderate psoriasis, and over 10 percent in severe psoriasis. If the psoriasis is on the scalp, hands, nails, feet or sensitive parts of the body, or if the quality of life is seriously impaired, it is always moderate or severe psoriasis.
Psoriasis: How to treat it
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that cannot be cured but is treatable. With the right treatment, symptoms can be alleviated, plaques heal faster, acute phases of the disease can be shortened and new outbreaks can be avoided if possible. The therapy is aimed at alleviating and curing the symptoms, shortening the acute phase of the disease and preventing new outbreaks. There are various treatment options that can be used individually, in combination or alternately.
Basic therapy for skin care
The basic therapy is intensive skin care using moisturizing ointments, creams, lotions, shower oils and oil baths. These should be used continuously, even during asymptomatic periods, as they keep the skin supple and relieve itching. There are also ointments or creams with urea or salicylic acid that can help with flaking of the skin.
drugs to apply
You can control mild psoriasis with medication for the application. Creams, ointments, lotions or foams with the active substance cortisone or vitamin D3 analogues have a strong anti-inflammatory effect and can effectively combat acute inflammation. However, cortisone should not be used daily for extended periods of time as it may damage the skin for a long time.
Light therapy inhibits inflammation
Irradiation of plaques with ultraviolet (UV) light can inhibit skin inflammation and slow down cell division. The skin may be more sensitive to light with special medications, so good results can be achieved, especially with moderate and severe forms of psoriasis. Light therapy is often used when symptoms are not improved with cortisone-containing ointments.
Systematic therapy is performed using drugs for oral use and injections. Drugs specifically target the immune system and inhibit the immune response. They are only given when the appearance of the skin has not significantly improved with cortisone creams or light therapy. The various active ingredients work well and quickly, but can have serious side effects. Therefore, the benefits against the risks are considered individually and the physician develops appropriate systematic therapy.
Psoriasis: Is prevention possible?
Because psoriasis is hereditary, there are no measures you can take to prevent psoriasis. But an adapted lifestyle can reduce the likelihood of recurrences and thus improve the quality of life. To do this, it is important to know the starters and avoid them. Because which trigger strikes you personally varies greatly from person to person. Therefore, try to monitor very carefully in which situations the symptoms of psoriasis worsen. There is no specially recommended diet for psoriasis, because even here everyone has to find out for themselves which foods worsen the symptoms.
Living with psoriasis
If you have psoriasis, you know that living with this disease can be very difficult. Daily comprehensive skin care and frequent treatments are time consuming and sometimes difficult to reconcile with other commitments. In addition, there is itching that prevents you from sleeping at night and causes fatigue and exhaustion during the day. All the more we appreciate the fact that well-known stars openly admit to their illness and thus encourage other disabled people!