Male smokers are disproportionately broken and are more likely to develop osteoporosis, which causes the bones to become porous and break easily.
Researchers at the University of Nevada in Las Vegas (UNLV) found out. The team analyzed nearly 30,000 fracture cases in the last 30 years, which have been reported in 27 research publications.
According to experts, smoking increases the risk of fractures – depending on age by up to 37 percent. For the first time, in addition to well-documented hip fractures, experts also took into account fractures of the wrists, shoulders, forearms, femurs, lower legs and spine. “Men tend to smoke more than women, which increases their risk of osteoporosis, which is traditionally considered a woman’s disease,” said Qing Wu, head of research.
He believes that the chemicals in cigarette smoke negatively affect bone cells and reduce the body’s ability to absorb vitamin D and calcium, which help maintain bone density. In addition, according to Wu, smoking is also considered a risk factor for injury in general because there is evidence that nicotine disrupts the tissue regeneration process, which means that it prevents wound healing and the healing of broken bones.
Researchers warn that there is a high risk that the number of fractures due to osteoporosis will continue to increase. Because the population is aging thanks to medical progress. The risk of porous bones increases with age. They also refer to older studies, according to which 21 to 37 percent of male smokers die within a year after fractures. “Smoking is the most common cause of preventable disease, disability and death in the United States. Quitting smoking would significantly reduce the risk of fractures for all smokers, especially men, “she said.
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