More than a quarter
Massive increase in monkeypox cases in the United Kingdom
The global outbreak of monkeypox has so far failed to catch on the contrary: the number of cases in the UK has risen sharply recently. More and more cases of viral infection are also recorded in Germany – so far mainly in the capital Berlin.
About one One month after the first cases of monkeypox were known, the number of cases is still rising. In the UK, health authorities are experiencing a particularly sharp increase: 104 new cases of monkeypox have recently arrived. According to the UKHSA, last Friday, this is an increase of 28 percent to 470 cases, compared to last Friday’s data. Currently, most cases have occurred in men who are gay, bisexual, or have sex with men. The first case of the current epidemic was confirmed in the UK on May 7.
The virus that causes chickenpox is on the rise worldwide. Particularly unusual is the first human-to-human spread outside Africa, where the virus used to be predominant. As of June 8, 1,285 laboratory-confirmed cases and one probable case from 28 countries in four WHO regions where smallpox is not common or had not been previously reported were reported to the World Health Organization. According to Global Health’s medical communications network, there are now nearly 1,500 confirmed cases worldwide.
Most cases have so far occurred in Europe, although the first infections have now been reported in Latin America. According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), 189 cases of monkeypox have been reported in 11 German Länder. Most return to Berlin: The Berlin Senate recently reported 120 cases, 16 of which had to be treated in hospital. At the end of last week, the RKI reported 113 cases – all patients were exclusively men. Both the RKI and the WHO anticipate that the number of cases in Germany and around the world will continue to rise.
Last week, the Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO) in Germany recommended vaccinations against monkeypox for at-risk groups. Accordingly, adults who have had “close physical contact through intact skin or mucous membranes” with a sick person or prolonged “unprotected personal contact” should be vaccinated. However, vaccination recommendations also apply to people at increased risk of exposure. This includes STIKO men who have same-sex sexual contact with alternating partners. The WHO does not yet see the need for mass vaccination against monkeypox.
No deaths outside Africa yet
The federal government has already ordered a large amount of Imvanex smallpox vaccine from Bavarian Nordic. Health Minister Karl Lauterbach said approximately 40,000 doses of the vaccine could be delivered in June and another 200,000 later in the year. According to the WHO, previously common smallpox vaccines are 85 percent effective against monkeypox infection. However, routine smallpox vaccination was stopped after human smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980.
According to studies, more than 90 percent of monkeypox are completely recovered, whether or not they have been vaccinated against smallpox, according to the WHO. Severe wastes are rare. Outside Africa, no deaths have been reported in the current epidemic. According to the World Health Organization, deaths can occur mainly in young children and people with impaired immune systems, for example due to HIV infection.