ONE million people have diabetes and have no idea.
Another 13.6 million people are at risk of getting it and should be aware of the symptoms to watch out for.
If you are diabetic, your body may have difficulty producing enough insulin (type 1) or insulin may not be effective (type 2).
In the United Kingdom, about 90 percent of adults with type 2 diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes needs to be treated so that blood sugar levels do not rise dangerously.
But some people may go years before they are even diagnosed.
The NHS says: “Many people have type 2 diabetes for years without realizing it because the early symptoms are rather general.”
The longer your blood sugar stays elevated, the more likely you are to have complications.
It can affect almost every part of your body, including the heart, kidneys, blood vessels, eyes, nerves, gastrointestinal tract, gums and teeth.
This week is a week of diabetes – use this whole body scan to make sure you are not living with symptoms of untreated diabetes.
If your eyes are blurred or wavy, it doesn’t necessarily mean you need a new prescription – it’s a key symptom of diabetes.
High glucose levels can change fluid levels or cause swelling in the tissues of your eyes, which will help you concentrate and cause distorted vision.
It is temporary and disappears as soon as glucose levels return to normal.
People who have diabetes for a long time are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, which usually develops over the years but can lead to prediabetes.
This is because too much blood sugar over time blocks the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina (the back of the eye).
This could lead to vision loss.
Dentist and Clinical Director of Bupa Dental Care, Dr. Sarah Ramage previously told The Sun that people with type 2 diabetes are three times more likely to have oral health problems than those who do not.
“Diabetics produce less saliva, which prevents attacks on tooth enamel, and saliva may contain higher sugar levels – an increased risk of tooth decay,” she said.
Dr. Ramage said people with the disease have a higher risk of gum disease.
This condition can often remain undetected and can be difficult to detect because the marks can be removed like anything else.
But there are signs in your mouth that you need to watch out for.
These include swollen, red, receding gums or gums that bleed when you brush your teeth.
Loss of teeth, bad breath and wounds that heal longer than usual – for example after a dental procedure – are other symptoms.
The most common symptoms of diabetes
The most common symptoms of diabetes are:
- Pee more than usual, especially at night
- Constant thirst
- feeling very tired
- Lose weight without trying
- itching around the penis or vagina or recurrent aphthae
- Cuts or wounds that heal longer
- Blurred vision
Everyone’s legs tingle from time to time.
But beware, tingling, pain or numbness in the hands or feet is a symptom of diabetes, even in the early stages.
People with diabetes have a long-term higher risk of foot problems due to nerve and blood vessel damage.
Redness, heat and swelling are three symptoms that indicate damage to the nerves in the legs, according to the National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
In the long run, high blood sugar can damage nerves throughout the body, known as diabetic neuropathy, the most common of which is peripheral neuropathy.
In most diabetics, it damages the nerves in the feet and legs and is most noticeable at night.
The main symptoms are numbness, decreased sensitivity to pain or temperature changes, tingling, cramps, tenderness and severe foot problems.
Diabetic neuropathy can also affect the hands.
In peripheral neuropathy, it tends to cause symptoms such as first numbness of the feet and legs, then hands and arms.
Extreme sensitivity to touch – for some people, the weight of the sheet can be painful.
Skin disorders are common in diabetics due to high blood sugar levels affecting your blood vessels and nerves.
More often, patients are previously diagnosed with a condition known as acanthosis nigricans (AN).
It is characterized by a dark strip of velvety skin, which usually appears on the nape of the neck.
Dr Julietta Gusar, a cosmetic doctor who works with RegenLab, told The Sun: “Acanthosis nigricans can also be seen in many people in different parts of the body where the skin bends, such as the shoulders. B. palms, armpits or groin.
“In addition to the visible discoloration associated with the disorder, some people say their skin is thicker.”
Diabetes affects many aspects of human health, including sex life.
One of the most common symptoms of this condition is thrush – a common yeast infection – in both men and women.
Thrush causes irritation, redness and itching around the genitals and white discharge (like cottage cheese).
Women may feel stinged during pee or sex, while men have trouble pulling the foreskin.
Dr Agnieszka Nalewczynska, a gynecologist consultant who works with RegenLab, added: “Women with diabetes are also more prone to periodic urinary tract infections (UTIs), which can cause more painful and uncomfortable sex.”